Other programs: Christian Counseling Center Scottsdale Neurofeedback Insititute

Scottsdale Neurofeedback Institure: Head Injuries Program
Robert Gurnee, MSW, DCSW, Director
8114 E. Cactus Road - Suite 200 | Scottsdale, AZ 85260 | (480) 424-7200 | add@add-clinic.com
Est. 1982


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- Alcohol Abuse
- Anger Management
- Anxiety
- Aspergers
- Autism
- Depression
- Dyslexia
- Head Injuries
- Math Disabilities
- Memory
- Reading Disabilities
- Stroke
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Scottsdale Neurofeedback Institute: Head injuries treatment program

Head injuries are very common and most Americans have experienced several. Usually the brain is able to heal itself significantly and little damage is done. But all too often the injury is more severe or there have been repeated head injuries and testing deficits in cognitive functioning remain. A loss of consciousness usually means a concussion has occurred, but one can have a concussion without a loss of consciousness.

Concussions can also occur from repeated blows to the head that do not appear to be injuries at all, for instance heading the ball in soccer, repeated falls during skate boarding and blows to the head in basketball and football. Concussions can cause problems in a wide variety of areas such as;

1. Attention span
2. Memory
3. Learning ability
4. Mood swings, irritability, short temper
5. Depression
6. Headaches
7. Ringing ears
8. Slowed mental processing
9. Fatigue
10. Social withdrawal
11. Reduced motivation and drive
12. Impulsive behavior
13. Coordination When areas such as these persist after 6-12 months it is wise to seek further evaluation and treatment.

Testing can help in the assessment. These are very accurate computerized tests to assess visual and auditory attention, impulsivity, reaction time, memory, auditory processing etc. to determine if there are any significant gaps between IQ and performance. QEEG topographic Brain Maps also can accurately assess for impairments in brain functioning and can assist greatly in determining if a concussion or traumatic brain injury has occurred.

The first step is performing a QEEG topographic brain map which is painless and non-invasive is that we place a cap with 19 electrodes on the scalp which picks up the brain electricity (EEG). The recorded EEG is processed then 6 normative databases including the New York University Medical School Normative Database. The statistical data will demonstrate which abnormalities are present and the degree of severity

When this recorded brain electricity (EEG) is run through six normative databases, including the New York University's Medical School Normative Database, statistical data is provided comparing that individuals EEG to normal of the same age. Concussions have very distinctive patterns and the databases all include "discriminant analysis" when the patients EEG is compared to individuals with known concussions. We typically find a combination of the following variables;

1. Reduced blood flow – increased slow EEG activity
2. Disconnection between main areas – Hypocoherence
3. Over connection between main areas – Hypercoherence
4. Slowed processing time – Phase lag
5. Increased processing time – Phase lag
6. Reduced faster electricity – Alpha and/or Beta
7. Slowed mean frequency of EEG

These issues are often found to be significantly remediated in most with EEG neurofeedback. We now have 19 channel EEG neurofeedback systems that enable us to train all of the above variables. 19 electrodes are placed on the scalp and the recorded EEG is compared to the on board databases 128 times per second. The patient receives real-time multimedia feedback and is able to gradually move abnormal variables towards the normal range. As brain dysfunction becomes normalized they drop out of the feedback and the feedback focuses on the remaining abnormalities.

Re-mapping and/or re-testing confirm remarkable improvements. Research has demonstrated that these changes are almost always lasting and most usually permanent. Not everyone responds to the treatment and people respond to different degrees. This is "training", the patient has to make effort to pay attention and learn.

The first EEG neurofeedback study was done at UCLA with cats; all changing their brainwaves and permanently. We have been very impressed with the results for the great majority of those treated. Some report they are doing better overall after neurofeedback than before the head injury, partly because we have also treated co-existing disorders such as ADHD, mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and learning disabilities.

Scottsdale Neurofeedback Institute
Telephone: (480) 625-4123
Facsimile: (480) 424-7800
Email us: add@add-clinic.com